How to replace macOS with a fully open source Linux system

By: (plus.google.com) +David Herron; Date: December 8, 2017

Tags: Linux » macOS

Maybe the direction Apple and Microsoft are taking is not aggreable in that both are seeking tighter control over what we do with our computers. Both are businesses and obviously will try to extract as much money from us as possible. In the case of Apple, their computers are increasingly closed boxes that cannot be opened and repaired. Instead you're faced to pay ridiculous prices for upgrades and repair, which lines Apple's pockets at our expense. As a what if exercise, I'm thinking over what it would take to supplant macOS with a Linux system (won't ever go back to Windows).

I've been happily using Unix-like systems since 1982 when I found a PDP-11 running Unix V7 in a computer science department computer lab. Within a year or so I'd wangled a job administering the brand new VAX-11/750 running BSD 4.2, and held a position in that team for about 6 years. Since then, except for a brief dalliance with Windows, I've used SunOS, Solaris, Mac OS X, Linux, and FreeBSD systems almost exclusively.

When Apple announced Mac OS X, I jumped in at the first chance -- because it was a Unix with a pretty face that also had a decent Java implementation. At the time I worked for Sun in the Java SE team, and therefore Java support was important.

After about 15 years of using Mac OS X, I'm starting to wonder if or when I should switch to Linux. I can't point to any one thing, but have a nagging feeling that Apple is going to be tightening and tightening their control. Plus, it clicked one day that most of the applications I use daily are extremely portable. Meaning that it may well be feasible to use Linux full-time, and to a large extent that's due to Electron - the desktop application framework that's a weird amalgam of Node.js and Chrome.

In this post I'm going to summarize the application set I'm interested and a few notes about each. Each application type will warrant one or more followup posts exploring alternatives. All will be linked here.

Software Development

I primarily work as a software engineer, and must have good quality tools. This shouldn't be a problem on Linux. I primarily use Eclipse for Java software development, and Microsoft Visual Code for other editing tasks. Both are readily available on Linux.

Postman - for REST service testing - Available for Linix

GitKraken - for Git - Available for Linux

Docker - Available for Linux, and running natively rather than via the hypervisor required on macOS

Web Browsing

Chrome, Firefox - both available for Linux

PDF and Image viewing

In macOS, the Preview application is excellent, combining PDF viewing, image viewing, image editing, screen capture, and more, all in one application. For Linux this may require multiple applications.

Skype and other Internet video/audio calling

Microsoft is downplaying the Skype app for Linux. At the same time, the web version of Skype is coming along. It may be that Skype in the web browser on Linux works well enough, or else Skype for iOS or the web version on Chromebooks.

Google Hangouts works fine in web browsers.

Twitter apps

I don't often use a Twitter application versus the Twitter website. Supposedly there are extra features available by using an application.

Shared calendar, notes, contacts

One great feature of macOS is the shared system for calendars, notes, and contacts. They sync seamlessly between desktop computer and iOS devices. Apple really wants you to use iCloud services for this, but also allow you to configure other services. I've had success with using Google accounts with these features.

But -- Big Brother? Do I want Apple snooping on these things and perhaps turning them over to the Feds?

This will be a hard nut to crack because of the desirability of syncing this stuff to iPhone/iPad.

DVD, Video, Audo playback

VLC?

What to do with the big pile of stuff I have in iTunes? Especially the stuff I've bought that way? And what if I want to keep buying stuff via iTunes?

Video editing and conversion

There's various video editors for Linux and some of them might even be acceptable. For conversion there's ffmpeg, which has an unfortunately complex command-line user interface.

Photo editing, photo gallery, panorama creator

Gimp? Unsure of what else is available.

eBook / EPUB reader software

Reading Kindle books on Linux, supporting a switch to Linux No form of Kindle Reader exists for Linux, and the installer for the Kindle Reader for PC crashes when run under Wine. Therefore Linux users cannot directly read Kindle eBooks. They can use the Kindle Cloud Reader.

Obviously Apple's iBooks will not run on Linux. Fortunately that runs on iPad. As does Kindle and other eBook readers.

On Linux I know of the Calibre suite.

iPhone/iPad backup

I have both iPhone and iPad. One of the control points is how Apple limits you from accessing the file system on the device, and thereby limits your options for backing up the device. Instead you're corralled into backing up via iTunes onto your desktop computer, or else to iCloud ($$$'s per month).

It's fairly easy to get automated backup of pictures and a couple other things. But this is a per-application thing because of how Apple set up the system.

It may be better to switch to Android?

Computer backup

In macOS we have Time Machine built-in and it's excellent.

Monitoring system attributes -- SSD and battery health etc

For some of this, command-line utilities are available. On macOS I have installed a few GUI's that are nice. The importance is having visibility into the status of your computer. For example the SSD Reporter application is telling me about the degradation of the SSD drive in percentage points.

Controlling the Drobo

I have a Drobo for storing vast quantities of files. The issue is running the Drobo Dashboard app - which doesn't exist for Linux.

H&R Block tax application, and general accounting

I do my taxes with the H&R Block application. Maybe the Windows version will run on Wine?

Otherwise I use WaveApps - a hosted web app - for accounting.

« Reading Kindle books on Linux, supporting a switch to Linux How to get Windows 10 Professional for free »
2016 Election Acer C720 Ad block AkashaCMS Amazon Amazon Kindle Amiga Android Anti-Fascism AntiVirus Software Apple Apple Hardware History Apple iPhone Apple iPhone Hardware April 1st Arduino ARM Compilation Astronomy Asynchronous Programming Authoritarianism Automated Social Posting Ayo.JS Bells Law Big Brother Big Finish Bitcoin Mining Black Holes Blade Runner Blockchain Blogger Blogging Books Botnet Botnets Cassette Tapes Cellphones Christopher Eccleston Chrome Chrome Apps Chromebook Chromebooks Chromebox ChromeOS CIA CitiCards Citizen Journalism Civil Liberties Clinton Cluster Computing Command Line Tools Comment Systems Computer Hardware Computer Repair Computers Cross Compilation Crouton Cryptocurrency Curiosity Rover Cyber Security Cybermen Daleks Darth Vader Data backup Data Storage Database Database Backup Databases David Tenant DDoS Botnet Detect Adblocker Developers Editors Digital Photography Diskless Booting Disqus DIY DIY Repair DNP3 Do it yourself Docker Docker MAMP Docker Swarm Doctor Who Doctor Who Paradox Drobo Drupal Drupal Themes DVD E-Books E-Readers Early Computers Election Hacks Electric Bicycles Electric Vehicles Electron Emdebian Encabulators Energy Efficiency Enterprise Node EPUB ESP8266 Ethical Curation Eurovision Event Driven Asynchronous Express Facebook Fake News Fedora VirtualBox File transfer without iTunes FireFly Fraud Freedom of Speech Gallifrey git Gitlab GMAIL Google Google Chrome Google Gnome Google+ Government Spying Great Britain Heat Loss Hibernate Hoax Science Home Automation HTTPS Human ID I2C Protocol Image Analysis Image Conversion Image Processing ImageMagick In-memory Computing InfluxDB Infrared Thermometers Insulation Internet Internet Advertising Internet Law Internet of Things Internet Policy Internet Privacy iOS Devices iPad iPhone iPhone hacking Iron Man Iternet of Things iTunes Java JavaScript JavaScript Injection JDBC John Simms Journalism Joyent Kaspersky Labs Kindle Kindle Marketplace Lets Encrypt LibreOffice Linux Linux Hints Linux Single Board Computers Logging Mac OS Mac OS X Machine Readable ID macOS MacOS X setup Make Money Online MariaDB Mars Matt Lucas MEADS Anti-Missile Mercurial Michele Gomez Micro Apartments Military Hardware Minification Minimized CSS Minimized HTML Minimized JavaScript Missy Mobile Applications MODBUS Mondas MongoDB Mongoose Monty Python MQTT Music Player Music Streaming MySQL NanoPi Nardole NASA Net Neutrality Node Web Development Node.js Node.js Database Node.js Testing Node.JS Web Development Node.x North Korea npm NY Times Online advertising Online Community Online Fraud Online Journalism Online Video Open Media Vault Open Source Governance Open Source Licenses Open Source Software OpenAPI OpenVPN Paywalls Personal Flight Peter Capaldi Photography PHP Plex Plex Media Server Political Protest Postal Service Power Control Privacy Production use Public Violence Raspberry Pi Raspberry Pi 3 Raspberry Pi Zero Recycling Refurbished Computers Remote Desktop Republicans Retro-Technology Reviews Right to Repair River Song Robotics Rocket Ships RSS News Readers rsync Russia Russia Troll Factory Russian Hacking SCADA Scheme Science Fiction Search Engine Ranking Season 1 Season 10 Season 11 Security Security Cameras Server-side JavaScript Shell Scripts Silence Simsimi Skype Social Media Social Media Warfare Social Networks Software Development Space Flight Space Ship Reuse Space Ships SpaceX Spear Phishing Spring Spring Boot SQLite3 SSD Drives SSD upgrade SSH SSH Key SSL Swagger Synchronizing Files Telescopes Terrorism The Cybermen The Daleks The Master Time-Series Database Torchwood Total Information Awareness Trump Trump Administration Trump Campaign Ubuntu UDOO Virtual Private Networks VirtualBox VLC VNC VOIP Web Applications Web Developer Resources Web Development Web Development Tools Web Marketing Website Advertising Weeping Angels WhatsApp Window Insulation Wordpress YouTube YouTube Monetization